Net Zero Compare

Thermochemical Conversion

Thermochemical Conversion refers to a process that uses heat and chemical reactions to convert organic materials into useful energy products such as biofuels, chemicals, and gases. This method captures the energy stored in biomass through processes like pyrolysis, gasification, and liquefaction. These processes break down complex organic molecules into simpler compounds, making it easier to extract valuable energy and other by-products.

Pyrolysis involves heating biomass in the absence of oxygen, leading to the production of char, liquids, and gases. Gasification, on the other hand, converts biomass into synthesis gas (syngas) composed primarily of hydrogen and carbon monoxide, which can be further processed into fuels or chemicals. Liquefaction transforms biomass into liquid bio-oil through high-pressure and moderate-temperature reactions, making it an attractive pathway for producing renewable fossil fuel alternatives.

Thermochemical Conversion is a crucial technology for the green economy, offering a sustainable way to utilize waste and residue biomass resources. By converting otherwise unusable feedstock into valuable products, it reduces waste, lowers greenhouse gas emissions, and supports the transition to a more sustainable energy system.