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ICEYE: Revolutionizing Earth Observation for a Sustainable Future

Written by Karol Kaczmarek
Published May 28th, 2024
15 min read
Updated July 13th, 2024


ICEYE leverages advanced SAR technology to provide continuous, all-weather monitoring, supporting carbon reduction, sustainability, and global disaster management efforts.
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Date of establishment

Deep dive

ICEYE is a pioneering satellite technology company based in Espoo, Finland, founded in 2014. It specializes in delivering persistent monitoring capabilities for any location on Earth through the use of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellites. The company's mission is to empower organizations with real-time, reliable earth observation data, enabling informed decisions that enhance global safety, security, and environmental sustainability.

Did you know that ICEYE’s advanced SAR technology can capture high-resolution images of the Earth’s surface through clouds and even at night? This capability is crucial for monitoring environmental changes and natural disasters, making ICEYE a vital player in the fight against climate change and the push toward zero carbon emissions.

ICEYE's persistent monitoring capabilities can significantly benefit sustainability and zero-carbon initiatives in several ways:

  • Environmental Monitoring and Management:

    • Deforestation Tracking: ICEYE's SAR technology can monitor forest areas continuously, helping to track deforestation activities and support reforestation efforts. This is crucial for carbon sequestration and maintaining biodiversity.

    • Climate Change Impact Assessment: Continuous monitoring of glaciers, ice caps, and sea levels allows for accurate tracking of climate change impacts. This data is essential for formulating strategies to mitigate these effects.

  • Disaster Response and Resilience:

    • Flood Monitoring and Mitigation: ICEYE provides real-time data on flooding, helping in immediate response and planning for flood mitigation measures. This can prevent environmental degradation and reduce carbon emissions from emergency responses.

    • Wildfire Monitoring: Early detection and monitoring of wildfires can help in controlling their spread, thereby reducing carbon emissions from large-scale fires.

  • Urban Planning and Smart Cities:

    • Infrastructure Monitoring: By monitoring urban infrastructure, ICEYE can help cities become more resilient and efficient. This includes monitoring subsidence, construction, and the impact of urban sprawl, leading to better urban planning and reduced carbon footprints.

    • Green Space Management: Regular monitoring of urban green spaces ensures they are maintained and expanded, contributing to carbon sequestration and improving air quality.

  • Agriculture and Land Use:

    • Precision Agriculture: ICEYE’s data can support sustainable agricultural practices by monitoring crop health, soil moisture, and land use changes. This helps in optimizing resource use and reducing the carbon footprint of agricultural activities.

    • Land Degradation and Desertification: Monitoring land degradation helps in taking timely actions to rehabilitate degraded lands, which is crucial for maintaining soil health and sequestering carbon.

  • Marine and Coastal Ecosystems:

    • Maritime Surveillance: Monitoring illegal fishing activities helps in preserving marine biodiversity, which plays a role in carbon sequestration.

    • Coastal Erosion Monitoring: Tracking coastal erosion can inform conservation strategies to protect coastal ecosystems that act as carbon sinks.

  • Carbon Offset Projects:

    • Verification of Carbon Sequestration Projects: ICEYE’s high-resolution imagery can verify the effectiveness of carbon offset projects like afforestation and reforestation by providing accurate data on tree cover and biomass changes.

  • Key Benefits for Sustainability Initiatives:

    • Accurate Data: Provides reliable, high-resolution data that is crucial for making informed decisions in sustainability projects.

    • Real-Time Monitoring: Ensures continuous observation, which is essential for timely intervention and long-term planning.

    • Global Coverage: Offers comprehensive coverage that can support local, national, and international sustainability efforts.

Company Background


ICEYE was founded in 2014 by Rafal Modrzewski and Pekka Laurila, with the vision of revolutionizing the field of satellite imaging. The company launched its first SAR satellite, ICEYE-X1, in January 2018, marking a significant milestone as the first commercial SAR satellite mission in Finland. Over the years, ICEYE has continued to expand its constellation of SAR satellites, enhancing its capability to provide high-resolution, all-weather imagery. The company has seen notable growth phases, including the deployment of multiple satellites in quick succession and the establishment of partnerships with various government and commercial entities.

Founders and Key Figures

Rafal Modrzewski (CEO and Co-founder): Rafal Modrzewski has a background in radio science and electrical engineering. His expertise in SAR technology has been instrumental in the development and success of ICEYE.

Pekka Laurila (CSO and Co-founder): Pekka Laurila holds a strong background in finance and satellite technology, bringing a unique combination of business acumen and technical knowledge to the company.

Steve Young (CFO): With extensive experience in financial management and strategic growth, Steve Young plays a crucial role in overseeing ICEYE's financial operations and investor relations.

Funding and Investors

ICEYE has successfully raised significant funding through various rounds to support its ambitious growth and technological advancements. Key investors include:

  • True Ventures: A leading venture capital firm that has been instrumental in ICEYE’s early-stage funding.

  • OP Finnfund Global Impact Fund I: An impact investment fund that supports companies making significant contributions to sustainability.

  • DNX Ventures: A firm focused on investing in startups that are driving technological innovation.

  • Space Angels: An investment group specializing in space-related technologies.

Products and Services

Core Products/Services

SAR Satellite Imagery: ICEYE provides high-resolution synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) satellite imagery, which is crucial for various applications in carbon reduction and sustainability. These images are used for:

  • Environmental Monitoring: Tracking deforestation, glacier movements, and sea-level changes to understand and mitigate the effects of climate change.

  • Disaster Response: Providing real-time data during natural disasters like floods and wildfires, aiding in timely and efficient response efforts.

  • Urban Planning and Infrastructure Monitoring: Helping cities develop sustainably by monitoring urban sprawl, infrastructure health, and green space management.

Persistent Monitoring Services: ICEYE offers continuous monitoring services that allow for the detection of gradual environmental changes and the immediate observation of events impacting carbon emissions and sustainability. This service is vital for:

  • Agricultural Management: Supporting sustainable farming practices through precision agriculture by monitoring crop health and soil conditions.

  • Maritime Surveillance: Monitoring illegal fishing and marine pollution, which contributes to the preservation of marine ecosystems and their carbon sequestration capabilities.

Data and Analytics Solutions: ICEYE's data and analytics services provide actionable insights derived from SAR imagery. These solutions help organizations make informed decisions to enhance their sustainability efforts. Key uses include:

  • Carbon Sequestration Verification: Verifying the effectiveness of carbon offset projects by monitoring forest growth and biomass changes.

  • Natural Resource Management: Optimizing the use of natural resources and reducing waste through precise environmental data.

Innovation and Technology

Advanced SAR Technology: ICEYE’s innovative SAR technology enables the capture of high-resolution images regardless of weather conditions or time of day. This capability ensures uninterrupted data collection and reliable monitoring, which are essential for effective environmental management and disaster response.

Small Satellite Constellation: ICEYE has developed a constellation of small, cost-effective satellites that provide frequent revisit times over any location on Earth. This high-frequency monitoring is crucial for detecting and responding to environmental changes quickly and accurately.

Data Integration and AI: ICEYE leverages artificial intelligence and machine learning to process and analyze vast amounts of satellite data. This advanced analytics capability allows for the extraction of meaningful insights, supporting better decision-making in sustainability and carbon reduction initiatives.

Case Studies

1. Flood Monitoring and Response in Indonesia

In January 2021, heavy rains led to severe flooding in parts of Indonesia. ICEYE provided near real-time SAR satellite imagery to local authorities and disaster response teams. This data was crucial in:

  • Assessing Flood Extent: Accurate mapping of the flooded areas helped prioritize rescue operations and resource allocation.

  • Mitigating Damage: Early detection and continuous monitoring enabled authorities to take preventive measures, reducing the overall impact on affected communities.

  • Post-Disaster Recovery: The imagery was used to assess damage to infrastructure and plan reconstruction efforts more effectively.

2. Deforestation Monitoring in the Amazon

ICEYE's persistent monitoring capabilities have been utilized to track deforestation activities in the Amazon rainforest. Partnering with environmental organizations, ICEYE provided:

  • High-Resolution Images: Detailed images helped in identifying illegal logging activities and areas of deforestation.

  • Real-Time Alerts: Immediate alerts enabled swift action by authorities to combat illegal deforestation.

  • Data for Conservation Efforts: The collected data supported reforestation projects and helped in measuring the effectiveness of conservation initiatives.

3. Urban Infrastructure Monitoring in Europe

A European city leveraged ICEYE's satellite imagery to monitor its urban infrastructure. The use case included:

  • Subsidence Detection: Continuous monitoring of ground movements helped detect subsidence early, allowing for timely maintenance and preventing potential damage.

  • Green Space Management: Regular updates on urban green spaces supported the city’s efforts to maintain and expand these areas, contributing to urban sustainability.

  • Efficient Urban Planning: Accurate data on construction and land use changes informed better urban planning decisions, enhancing the city’s overall sustainability.

4. Agricultural Management in the United States

ICEYE's services have been employed by agricultural enterprises in the United States to promote sustainable farming practices. This involved:

  • Crop Health Monitoring: Frequent satellite imagery allowed farmers to monitor crop health and detect issues like pest infestations or water stress early.

  • Optimized Resource Use: Precise data on soil moisture and vegetation health helped optimize irrigation and fertilizer use, reducing waste and enhancing sustainability.

  • Yield Prediction: Advanced analytics provided reliable yield predictions, aiding in better planning and resource allocation.

5. Coastal Erosion Monitoring in Australia

The Australian government utilized ICEYE’s monitoring services to track coastal erosion, crucial for protecting coastal ecosystems. The benefits included:

  • Erosion Tracking: Continuous monitoring allowed for the early detection of erosion patterns, helping in the timely implementation of protective measures.

  • Habitat Protection: Accurate data supported efforts to protect coastal habitats, which are vital for carbon sequestration and biodiversity.

  • Informing Policy: The insights gained from the data helped in formulating effective coastal management policies, promoting long-term sustainability.

Market Position

Industry Overview

The satellite imaging industry is a rapidly growing sector within the broader space technology market. This industry encompasses companies that provide high-resolution imagery and data analytics derived from satellites, used for applications in environmental monitoring, disaster response, urban planning, agriculture, and security. The demand for real-time, reliable earth observation data is increasing, driven by the need for better resource management, climate change mitigation, and enhanced global security.

ICEYE is positioned as a leader in this industry, specializing in synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) satellite technology. Unlike optical satellites, SAR satellites can capture images in all weather conditions and during nighttime, offering continuous and reliable monitoring capabilities.


Major competitors in the satellite imaging industry include:

  • Maxar Technologies: Known for its high-resolution optical satellite imagery and geospatial intelligence.

  • Planet Labs: Offers frequent imaging of the entire Earth’s surface using a large fleet of small satellites.

  • Airbus Defence and Space: Provides a range of optical and radar satellite imagery solutions.

  • Capella Space: Specializes in SAR satellite technology, similar to ICEYE.


ICEYE sets itself apart with several key advantages:

  • Persistent Monitoring: ICEYE's constellation of SAR satellites ensures continuous monitoring with high revisit rates, providing near real-time data.

  • All-Weather Capability: The use of SAR technology enables imaging through clouds and in darkness, ensuring reliable data collection regardless of weather conditions.

  • Small Satellite Constellation: ICEYE’s innovative approach to using small, cost-effective satellites allows for frequent updates and rapid deployment.

  • Advanced Analytics: Leveraging AI and machine learning, ICEYE offers sophisticated data processing and analytics, providing actionable insights for its clients.


  • Regulatory and Licensing Issues: Navigating the complex regulatory landscape for satellite launches and data usage can be challenging.

  • Competition: The market is highly competitive, with several well-established players and new entrants offering innovative solutions.

  • Data Privacy and Security: Ensuring the security and privacy of the data collected is crucial, as satellite imagery can be sensitive.


  • Growing Demand for Environmental Monitoring: As climate change concerns rise, the demand for reliable environmental monitoring data presents a significant growth opportunity.

  • Disaster Response and Management: Increasing occurrences of natural disasters highlight the need for real-time monitoring and rapid response capabilities.

  • Urbanization and Smart Cities: The trend towards smart city development creates opportunities for urban infrastructure monitoring and sustainable planning.

  • Agricultural Optimization: Precision agriculture is an expanding market, with a growing need for accurate data to optimize resource use and increase yields.

Sustainability and Impact

Environmental Impact

Carbon Emissions Reduction: ICEYE's monitoring services significantly contribute to the reduction of carbon emissions by providing accurate and timely data for:

  • Deforestation Prevention: Continuous monitoring helps in identifying and curbing illegal logging activities, aiding in forest conservation efforts that are crucial for carbon sequestration.

  • Disaster Management: Real-time data during natural disasters like wildfires and floods enables quick response and mitigation, reducing the carbon footprint associated with prolonged disaster recovery efforts.

  • Precision Agriculture: By optimizing resource use through accurate monitoring of crop health and soil conditions, ICEYE helps reduce unnecessary use of water and fertilizers, thereby lowering agricultural carbon emissions.

Sustainable Urban Development: ICEYE supports sustainable urban development by providing data for:

  • Urban Planning: Accurate and frequent data assists in efficient urban planning, reducing the environmental impact of urban sprawl and promoting the development of green spaces.

  • Infrastructure Monitoring: Continuous monitoring of urban infrastructure helps in early detection of issues, preventing large-scale repairs and the associated carbon emissions.

Marine and Coastal Ecosystem Protection: ICEYE's maritime surveillance aids in protecting marine ecosystems by:

  • Illegal Fishing Detection: Monitoring illegal fishing activities helps in preserving marine biodiversity, which is essential for maintaining healthy carbon cycles in ocean ecosystems.

  • Coastal Erosion Monitoring: Tracking coastal erosion supports conservation efforts that protect vital coastal habitats, which act as significant carbon sinks.

Certifications and Awards:

  • COPERNICUS Masters Awards: ICEYE has been recognized for its innovative SAR technology in the Copernicus Masters competition, which highlights outstanding achievements in earth observation.

  • Frost & Sullivan Best Practices Award: ICEYE received this award for its excellence in innovation and leadership in the SAR satellite industry.

  • EU Horizon 2020 Funding: ICEYE has received funding under the EU’s Horizon 2020 program, validating its contribution to technological innovation and sustainability.

Future Goals:

  • Expanding Satellite Constellation: ICEYE aims to continue expanding its constellation of SAR satellites to enhance its monitoring capabilities. This expansion will provide even more frequent and detailed data, supporting a broader range of sustainability and environmental initiatives.

  • Enhancing Data Analytics: ICEYE is focused on advancing its AI and machine learning capabilities to provide deeper insights from its data. This will enable more precise monitoring and predictive analytics for environmental changes, further aiding sustainability efforts.

  • Collaborative Projects: ICEYE plans to engage in more collaborative projects with environmental organizations, governments, and commercial entities to leverage its data for large-scale sustainability initiatives. These collaborations will focus on areas such as reforestation, climate change mitigation, and disaster resilience.

  • Carbon Neutrality: ICEYE is committed to achieving carbon neutrality in its operations. This involves implementing energy-efficient technologies, optimizing its supply chain, and offsetting emissions through verified carbon reduction projects.

Community and Social Responsibility

ICEYE partners with leading universities and research institutions to advance the field of earth observation and satellite technology. These partnerships often involve joint research projects, internships for students, and support for academic conferences and symposiums.

STEM Education Programs: ICEYE is committed to promoting STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) education. The company supports various educational programs aimed at inspiring the next generation of scientists and engineers, including providing educational materials, hosting workshops, and offering mentorship programs for students.

Customer and Public Perception

ICEYE has been featured in prominent media outlets such as Bloomberg, TechCrunch, and Reuters. These articles often emphasize the company’s innovative SAR technology and its contributions to various sectors, including disaster management, environmental conservation, and urban planning. Media coverage has also spotlighted ICEYE’s rapid growth and its role in advancing the capabilities of satellite monitoring.

Public Relations

Transparency and Communication: ICEYE maintains a transparent and open communication strategy, regularly updating the public and its stakeholders on new developments, launches, and company achievements. This includes press releases, blog posts, and active engagement on social media platforms.

Thought Leadership: The company positions itself as a thought leader in the satellite imaging industry by participating in industry conferences, contributing to academic publications, and hosting webinars and panel discussions. This helps build a positive public image and reinforces its commitment to advancing technology for sustainability.

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): ICEYE’s CSR initiatives are prominently featured in its public relations efforts. By highlighting its contributions to environmental and social causes, the company strengthens its reputation as a socially responsible and community-focused organization.


ICEYE is a pioneering force in the satellite imaging industry, utilizing its advanced synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) technology to provide continuous, all-weather monitoring of the Earth. Founded in 2014 and based in Helsinki, Finland, the company has established itself as a leader in delivering reliable and high-resolution data that supports a wide range of applications, from environmental monitoring to disaster response.

The company’s mission is to offer persistent monitoring capabilities for any location on Earth, contributing significantly to sustainability and carbon reduction initiatives. By providing real-time data, ICEYE helps prevent deforestation, optimize agricultural practices, and support disaster management efforts, thereby reducing carbon emissions and promoting sustainable development.

ICEYE's innovative use of small satellite constellations, combined with advanced AI and machine learning analytics, sets it apart in a competitive market. The company's achievements are validated by numerous awards and certifications, including recognition in the Copernicus Masters competition and funding from the EU’s Horizon 2020 program.

The company is also deeply committed to social responsibility, engaging with local communities, supporting STEM education, and fostering a sustainable workplace culture. Positive customer feedback, significant media coverage, and a strong public relations strategy further underscore ICEYE’s reputation as a leader in the industry.

Looking ahead, ICEYE aims to expand its satellite constellation, enhance its data analytics capabilities, and pursue ambitious sustainability goals, including achieving carbon neutrality in its operations. By continuing to innovate and collaborate on global initiatives, ICEYE is poised to make an even greater impact in the fight against climate change and in promoting a sustainable future.

Karol Kaczmarek
Written by:
Karol Kaczmarek
Co-founder of Net Zero Compare
Karol is a seasoned entrepreneur and co-founder of A&K Ventures OÜ. With a strong foundation in quantitative economics, he has a proven track record in strategic consulting, real estate, and global business expansion. Karol is dedicated to leveraging innovative technologies and creative business strategies to drive growth and transformation in every venture.