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Greenhouse Gases (GHGs)

Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) are atmospheric gases that trap heat from the sun, creating a "greenhouse effect" that warms the Earth. Among the most significant GHGs are carbon dioxide (CO₂), methane (CH₄), nitrous oxide (N₂O), and fluorinated gases, each differing in both their warming potential and their lifespan in the atmosphere. These gases are emitted through a variety of activities, including the burning of fossil fuels, industrial processes, agricultural practices, and deforestation.

The accumulation of GHGs leads to an enhanced greenhouse effect, causing global temperatures to rise and resulting in climate change. This has severe implications for natural ecosystems, weather patterns, sea levels, and human health. Reducing GHG emissions is crucial for mitigating these impacts and promoting a sustainable future.

Addressing the issue of GHGs involves a combination of strategies, such as transitioning to renewable energy sources, improving energy efficiency, and implementing carbon capture and storage technologies. International agreements, like the Paris Agreement, aim to unite nations in the effort to limit global warming by curbing GHG emissions.