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Global Carbon Budget

Global Carbon Budget refers to the finite limit of carbon dioxide (CO₂) emissions that humanity can release into the atmosphere while still having a reasonable chance of keeping global temperature rise within the internationally accepted targets, such as the 1.5°C or 2°C limits set by the Paris Agreement. This concept is crucial for guiding policy and action towards mitigating climate change and ensuring a sustainable future.

The budget is calculated by considering the total emissions from the start of the industrial revolution to the present, current emission rates, and various climate models projecting future warming scenarios. Scientists and policymakers use this data to set targets and timelines for reducing emissions on a global scale. By adhering to the Global Carbon Budget, nations can collaborate more effectively on international climate commitments and implement strategies to transition to a low-carbon economy.

Understanding and respecting the Global Carbon Budget is essential for addressing climate change. It serves as a benchmark for the maximum allowable emissions and highlights the urgency of adopting renewable energy, improving energy efficiency, and developing carbon capture technologies. By staying within this budget, we can mitigate the most severe impacts of climate change and work towards a more sustainable and resilient world.