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Nuclear Fusion

Definition of Nuclear Fusion

Nuclear Fusion is the process by which two light atomic nuclei combine to form a heavier nucleus, releasing a substantial amount of energy in the process. This reaction occurs at extremely high temperatures and pressures, conditions typically found in the cores of stars, including our sun. The energy produced during nuclear fusion is primarily in the form of kinetic energy of the particles and radiation, including light and heat.

Unlike nuclear fission, which involves splitting a heavy nucleus into lighter nuclei, nuclear fusion harnesses the power of combining elements, usually isotopes of hydrogen like deuterium and tritium, to produce helium and free neutrons. The potential of nuclear fusion as a clean and virtually limitless source of energy has driven extensive research and development. Its primary appeal lies in its ability to produce a vast amount of energy without emitting greenhouse gases or long-lived radioactive waste.

Technological advancements are steadily overcoming the significant challenges associated with achieving and sustaining the extreme conditions necessary for nuclear fusion. As a result, this process holds promise as a future cornerstone of sustainable energy, with the capacity to meet the growing global demand for electricity while minimizing environmental impacts.