Net Zero Compare

Nuclear Fission

Nuclear Fission is a process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into two or more smaller nuclei, along with a few neutrons and a significant amount of energy. This reaction is fundamental to nuclear power generation and atomic weapons. When a heavy nucleus, such as that of uranium-235 or plutonium-239, absorbs a neutron, it becomes highly unstable and splits apart, releasing a substantial amount of energy, primarily in the form of kinetic energy of the fission fragments and gamma radiation.

The energy released during nuclear fission is harnessed in nuclear power plants to produce electricity. In these plants, fission reactions occur within a controlled environment inside a nuclear reactor. The heat generated from fission is used to produce steam, which then drives turbines connected to electricity generators. The process is highly efficient and produces a large amount of energy from a relatively small amount of fuel, making it an attractive option for large-scale power generation.

Furthermore, nuclear fission has significant implications for the environment and sustainability. While it does not produce greenhouse gases directly, the management of radioactive waste and the risk of nuclear accidents remain critical challenges. Advances in technology and policy are continually evolving to address these issues and capitalize on the potential of nuclear fission as part of a diverse and sustainable energy portfolio.