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Deforestation refers to the large-scale removal of forests, leading to the permanent loss of biodiversity, habitat, and ecosystem services. This destructive process occurs when trees are cut down or burned to clear land for agricultural activities, urban development, logging, or other industrial purposes. It is a significant contributor to climate change, as forests play a crucial role in absorbing carbon dioxide and producing oxygen.

The impacts of deforestation extend beyond environmental degradation. It disrupts the lives of indigenous communities who depend on forests for their livelihoods, social structures, and cultural identities. When forests are destroyed, the delicate balance of local and global ecosystems is disturbed, leading to soil erosion, decreased water quality, and increased greenhouse gas emissions.

Addressing deforestation is critical to achieving a sustainable and green economy. By implementing responsible land-use practices, enforcing stricter regulations, and promoting reforestation and afforestation efforts, we can help protect our remaining forests and restore those that have been lost.