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Biodiversity refers to the variety of life on Earth, including the different species of plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms, as well as the genetic diversity within these species. It also encompasses the ecosystems they form, such as forests, coral reefs, and wetlands. Biodiversity is crucial for ecosystem resilience, human health, and the overall functioning of the planet.

Protecting biodiversity involves conserving habitats, restoring ecosystems, and promoting sustainable land-use practices. It also requires addressing threats like climate change, pollution, and invasive species. Businesses can contribute to biodiversity conservation by adopting sustainable practices, reducing their ecological footprint, and supporting initiatives that protect and restore natural habitats.