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Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement is a landmark international accord adopted by nearly every nation in 2015 to address climate change and its negative impacts. The Agreement's central aim is to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping a global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Additionally, the Paris Agreement seeks to enhance the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change through financial, technical, and capacity-building support.

A key feature of the Paris Agreement is its requirement for all participating countries to submit and update nationally determined contributions (NDCs) every five years. These NDCs outline each country’s plans for curbing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to climate impacts, promoting transparency and accountability through regular reporting and global stock-taking measures. This iterative process encourages nations to progressively increase their ambitions and effectively implement climate actions.

Moreover, the Paris Agreement addresses the need for appropriate financial flows, a new technology framework, and an enhanced capacity-building framework to support action by the most vulnerable countries, consistent with their own national objectives. Through this cooperative framework, the Paris Agreement aims to foster resilient development and ensure that no nation is left behind in the global fight against climate change.